Когда появилась косметика?

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Когда появилась косметика?Традиционно принято считать, что в древнем мире люди не стремились ухаживать за телом и следить за своей красотой и здоровьем. Якобы все весомые достижения в парфюмерии, косметологии и прочих важных для внешности человека науках состоялись лишь в последние несколько веков. Но это лишь распространенный миф. На самом деле только Средневековье может считаться абсолютно «немытой» эпохой. В те далекие годы уже само тело человека считалось нечистым, некрасивым, чем-то, что стоит скрывать, и уж совсем нельзя о нем заботиться. А гораздо раньше, буквально за несколько тысячелетий до такого отрицания, вся наша цивилизация начиналась с красоты… Хотите знать как?


Оказывается, парфюмерия зародилась задолго даже до нашей эры. Первые в истории отдушки для мыла использовали скифские прелестницы. Разумеется, 6 тысяч лет назад это были не синтетические, а натуральные вещества, но тем не менее, основная их функция была такой же, как у современных отдушек: кипарис, ладан и кедр, которые женщины растирали в порошок, служили одновременно как парфюмерная и как ухаживающая составляющая. Смесь из таких порошков, разбавленная водой, наносилась на тело. После подобной процедуры кожа не только источала приятный аромат, но и делалась более мягкой, приятной на ощупь, чистой и ухоженной. Это и было первое в мире мыло с функцией пилинга.


А заслуги в использовании парфюмерного масла можно отнести на долю арабов. Именно там, на Востоке мыло предпочитали варить не так, как во всем мире. В качестве основного компонента использовали оливковое масло. Туда добавляли парфюмерное масло, тимьян, например, или нечто другое. Арабское мыло уже в первых веках нашей эры было разнообразным: отдельно продавали твердое, а отдельно - жидкое мыло.

В мусульманских странах большое внимание своей внешности уделяли не только женщины, но и мужчины. Поэтому не удивительно, что заботясь о собственной внешности, арабские парфюмеры изобрели специальное мыло для бритья. Вероятно, с тех пор и пошла традиция, что пена или гель для бритья – практические единственные косметические средства, которые использует мужчина.


Впрочем, арсенал современных представителей сильной половины человечества слегка пополнился в последнее время. Тем не менее, именно «мыло для бритья», которое впервые попало в продажу примерно в 10 веке до нашей эры, с тех пор и до наших дней остается одним из наиболее важных косметических средств для мужчин.

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