Кишечные колики у новорожденных и детей первого года жизни

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Кишечные колики у новорожденных и детей первого года жизни

«И что ему надо? Кричит часами!» - впадают в отчаяние родители новорожденного. Во-первых, успокойтесь, этим вы поможете и себе, и крохе. Вероятно, у ребенка колики – штука неопасная, но крайне неприятная.

Кишечные колики – не заболевание, однако обойти их стороной не удавалось почти никому из новоиспеченных родителей. По статистике, острая боль в прямой кишке (таково значение слова «колика») навещает более 70% новорожденных. Стоит принять во внимание «правило трех»: колики возникают к третьей неделе жизни, длятся около трех часов в сутки и продолжаются до трех месяцев. Бывает, продолжаются в течение первого года жизни: когда малыш родился недоношенным или в ходе трудных родов, остро реагирует на перепады погоды, есть проблемы с системой пищеварения или вскармливанием.

Что это за напасть – кишечные колики у новорожденных и детей первого года жизни? Для начала попробуем разобраться в причинах.

Когда младенец находится в утробе матери, его ЖКТ (желоудно-кишечный тракт) не работает. «Включается» после рождения и начала вскармливания, однако две-три недели находится под благотворным влиянием материнских гормонов. Затем их защита ослабевает, и дает о себе знать пока еще несовершенный кишечник. Именно незрелость ферментативной системы и запускает мучительные симптомы. Педиатры выделяют и диетические причины – непереносимость коровьего молока и недостаточность лактазы, но удельный вес этих случаев невелик.

Помочь крохе можно так: положить на животик теплую пеленку, сделать массаж живота (мягко и аккуратно по часовой стрелке), изменить положение (взять на руки) поставить газоотводную трубку или клизму, дать препарат ветрогонного и спазмолитического действия. Все эти меры – поочерёдно, следующая применяется, если не помогла предыдущая. Но главное, не впадать в панику и раздражительность, наблюдая симптомы колики – это норма, и это не влияет на общее развитие крошечного организма, запаситесь терпением.

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